Oxford Economics – CIP – IRU Report:
Energy Efficiency on Ports: Trends and Best Practices
The CIP establishes as one of its priority areas the sustainable management and use on ports, making it compatible with environmental protection. In this context, energy efficiency is set as one of the fundamental pillars in the present and future of the ports, facilitating the achievement of their sustainability.
This Note presents a series of diagnostic areas that countries can use to evaluate existing legislation. It identifies areas that are not regulated and those that must be adapted to a new port model. It establishes specific definitions and clear guidelines on port policy. Finally, it identifies 30 elements that all port legislation should contain.
The guide establish the basic laws, wich currently involves the port sector and related services, to ensure legal security and privite investment through concessions, authorizations, contract or any other form of privite participations in ports. In addition, provide a legal framework that allows for efficient and competitive management and operations, without becoming an obstacle to environmental, and port security and safety measures.
The Model Law identifies and describes 29 elements that port legislation should contain.
This working document (available only in Spanish) aims to fill the existing gap in the Colombian port system, related to the formulation and implementation of efficiency indicators and port services for clean solid bulk terminals. The indicators of port efficiency proposed in this document are intended to study the evolution of the port in time and compare it with international or regional standards. By using the proposed indicators, the regulator or the Port Authority can evaluate the performance of the port before and after a given policy or reform to verify the success or failure of the same. An indicator of port efficiency is really a measure of existing inefficiencies, which is evaluated with the most efficient ports. Within a new world context of globalization and in order to make global supply chains more competitive, a large number of countries have made or are in the process of restructuring their port systems in order to improve the factors that contribute to a better management and efficiency of port services. Efficiency is an important indicator in the functioning of ports, since it stimulates the competitiveness of the same and boosts regional development. An efficient port manages to reduce transport costs and facilitates the country’s competitiveness.