Inter-American Committee on Ports (CIP)
The OAS Inter-American Committee on Ports (CIP) is the only permanent Inter-American government forum that brings together the National Port Authorities of all OAS Member States for the promotion of the development of competitive, safe, sustainable, and inclusive ports in the Americas with the active participation of the private sector. Member States have selected six priority areas in port management where several challenges have been identified:
- Port Protection and Security
- Logistics, Innovation and Competitiveness
- Sustainable Port Management and Environmental Protection
- Public Policy, Legislation and Regulation
- Corporate Social Responsibility, Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women
- Tourism, Inland Ports and Waterways, Ship Services and Navigation Safety
The CIP and its Secretariat work on these areas according to the Plan of Action of Montevideo 2016-2018 (CIDI/CIP/doc. 6/16 rev.3) and through four main strategies: 1) strengthening and promotion of Inter-American port dialogue; 2) training of human capital and institutional capacity building; 3) Technical Assistance and port project development and implementation; and, 4) cooperation with the private sector.
Members of the CIP Executive Board (CECIP) have stated that the CIP is “key to the economy of any country as ports are the strongest link in the maritime trade logistic chain, so the relevance of being competitive, secure, efficient and sustainable is clear.” The CIP will hold its XI Regular Meeting in Mexico in 2018 where new objectives, needs, and challenges will be discussed and where the next Plan of Action of Mexico 2018-2020 shall be approved considering issues like the modernization necessary for ports to improve connectivity, reduce costs and automatize processes.
The CIP Secretariat is responsible for assisting Member States in their development efforts, for serving as Technical Secretariat for political meetings, for consolidating and expanding the training and capacity building offer and for promoting project implementation and public-private partnerships.
The CIP constantly monitors the gaps in a continuously changing maritime and port sector, in order to bring concrete results to regional matters and challenges. The following four (4) examples show different common gaps covered and their results:
|Priority Pillar||Gap Covered||Results|
|1. Port Protection and Security
|Non-existence of cyber security to protect all big data in the maritime sector leaving the port information vulnerable, as well as a lack of direct communication between countries||· Evaluative Survey on State Capabilities in Maritime and Port Security (implemented jointly with CICTE). Divided in two phases: a) State Capabilities in Maritime and Port Security; and b) Cyber Security Survey
· Caribbean Cooperation Framework, aiming to bring concrete benefits in the areas of port and maritime security to Member States of the CIP, by establishing a reliable and safe system of direct communication and by offering internationally recognized training programs.
· Disaster Risk Management Program to systematically assess the risk posed by the approximately 300 large shipwrecks in the Caribbean Sea with respect to the probability of oil or chemical leakage and the potential impacts of oil and chemical leakages that may constitute a threat to the ecological stability and socioeconomic resources of the region, particularly in the tourist industry.
|2. Logistics, Innovation and Competitiveness
|Absence of a tool to systematize the process of measuring, monitoring and controlling efficiency to improve competitiveness||· Oxford Economics – CIP – IRU Report on Economic Competitiveness
· Development of common indicators to support homogeneous metrics and planning for ports
|3. Sustainable Port Management and Environmental Protection||Deficiency in sustainable port operations and marine environmental protection||· Study on Energy Efficiency
· Green House Gas Reduction Program in Ports
|4. Public Policy, Legislation and Regulation
|Lack of established basic laws required to ensure legal safeguards and private investment
|· Model Port Law Guide that identifies and describes 30 elements that port legislation should contain
· Technical Assistance to SVG, Mexico and Dominican Republic in modernizing Port Legislation
 Guillermo Ruiz de Teresa, Coordinator General of Ports and Merchant Marine for Mexico, SCT and Chair of the CECIP 2016-2018.